What is green power?
Green power is electricity generated from renewable energy sources such as the sun, wind, water and organic matter. These resources are replenished by nature and are a cleaner source of energy.
Where does our power come from today?
North Carolina’s power comes primarily from fossil fuels. Nearly 40% of energy supplied to North Carolina comes from coal. Around 30% comes from nuclear power and 25% from natural gas, with a small remainder coming from hydroelectric and other sources.
Why is renewable energy important?
Fossil fuels account for more than 60% of our current power supply. These resources are limited in supply and their consumption produces pollution that can affect our environment. Renewable energy is available in abundance and is much cleaner to use than traditional fuel sources. Using renewable energy in North Carolina can result in cleaner air and water, and a more stable energy supply for the future.
What is a REC?
A Renewable Energy Certificate (REC), or Renewable Energy Credit, is created for each megawatt-hour (MWh) or 1,000 kilowatt-hours of “green” electricity generated from a renewable energy source. These green attributes represent the added value and environmental benefits from the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. NC GreenPower renewable energy blocks are offered in 50 kWh portions = 0.05 MWH or RECs)
What is a carbon offset?
A carbon offset is created by a project that mitigates carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent (greenhouse gas emissions such as methane). Carbon offsets have a monetary value, and can be bought and sold. NC GreenPower carbon offset projects can be in North Carolina, South Carolina or Virginia. NC GreenPower has adopted nine quality criteria for offsets to ensure that NC GreenPower contributors are supporting projects that make a difference and would not otherwise be developed. Projects are certified by a third party that provides accurate and transparent measurement, verification and tracking of greenhouse gas reductions and their inventories. Types of carbon offset projects include methane collection and combustion from farm animals, landfills or other industrial waste and forestry projects (reforestation and avoiding deforestation).
What is a greenhouse gas?
Greenhouse gases are substances occurring naturally and from human activities that trap heat in the atmosphere. Some examples are: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O).
Why is the mitigation of greenhouse gases important?
According to the 2014 US Climate Action Report, average greenhouse gas emissions between 2009-2011 fell to their lowest level for any three year period since 1994-1996 due to contributions from both economic factors and policy changes. Since 2005, U.S. emissions have fallen 6.5% and have a goal to reduce levels by another 17% by 2020. However, the warmest year on record in the contiguous United States was in 2012. Between 2005 and 2011, carbon dioxide emissions decreased 1.4% and emissions from transportation dropped by 8%, attributed to increased fuel efficiency as well as high fuel prices and lower demand for passenger transportation.
Why are greenhouse gases harmful?
Global warming, climate change, ozone depletion, sea level rise, and biodiversity are all affected directly or indirectly by harmful greenhouse gases. A number of human activities and industrial processes produce greenhouse gases that are harmful to the environment. Sources: U.S. Energy Intelligence Agency, International Energy Agency, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
How does NC GreenPower work?
NC GreenPower is an independent, nonprofit program that uses voluntary contributions to encourage the development of electricity generated from renewable energy sources and mitigate greenhouse gases. Individuals may contribute as little as $4 per month to be split evenly with $2 adding one block of 50 kilowatt-hours of renewable energy to the electric supply and $2 supporting the installation of solar PV demonstration projects at North Carolina K-12 schools, or $4 can be contributed to fund the mitigation of 1,000 pounds of carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent.
How did NC GreenPower get started?
For more than two years, a committee representing consumers, electric utilities, the environmental community, technology suppliers, various state agencies and Advanced Energy worked together to create a statewide program that would add more renewable energy sources to the state’s power supply. In January 2003, the N.C. Utilities Commission approved the program plan for NC GreenPower.
How is the NC GreenPower program administered?
NC GreenPower is administered by Advanced Energy, an independent, non-profit, Raleigh-based corporation with more than 30 years of experience working with renewable energy, energy efficiency and the electric utilities. Advanced Energy formed the separate nonprofit entity, NC GreenPower, which is governed by a board of directors with representation from consumers, state government, technology, environmental advocacy groups and electric utilities.
Are other states developing green power programs? How is North Carolina’s program different?
North Carolina was the first state to develop a statewide, multi-utility plan for a green power pricing program. Other states have programs that are developed by individual utility companies. North Carolina was determined to take a careful and thoughtful approach in order to develop a program that will be most successful.
How can I help?
You can help protect the environment and support our Solar Schools pilot by contributing to the NC GreenPower program. You may contribute as much as you like in increments of $4. For renewable energy, $4 will be split evenly with $2 adding 50 kWh of renewable energy to the grid and $2 supporting the installation of solar PV demonstration projects at North Carolina K-12 schools. For carbon offset, $4 mitigates 1,000 pounds of CO2 equivalent. Simply sign up to be a NC GreenPower contributor through your electric utility. For your convenience, the contribution you specify will be added to your electric bill every month. The utility will forward all contributions in full amount to NC GreenPower.
You can also donate directly to the program using your credit card on our website. Donations are accepted in any amount, with a minimum of $10 per month or $25 one time.
If you are interested in contributing to our solar schools program exclusively, you can choose a school to support at our fundraising website My.NCGreenPower.org.
Direct contributions are also accepted. Make checks payable to NC GreenPower and mail to:
909 Capability Drive, Suite 2100
Raleigh, NC 27606-3870
Are there other ways to participate?
Gift cards: NC GreenPower offers a gift card program, which allows purchasers to buy renewable energy and support a school or buy carbon offsets from NC GreenPower in honor or memory of someone special. Gift cards are a great way to celebrate a birthday, holiday, event or to send a personalized message or thank you. Recipients receive a personalized card with your message and the environmental benefits of the gift.
Event offsets: Making your events green powered is another way to support the program. Organizers can offset the electrical usage and emissions of their event with an equivalent purchase of renewable energy. We now offer carbon offsets to negate the impact of vehicle or airplane travel. Purchasers will receive a certificate to display at their event designating their contribution. Green powered events are in keeping with your organization’s environmental initiatives and send a powerful message to attendees that every activity has a cost, and conservation can occur at every level.
Where does my contribution go?
Your contribution will go directly to encourage the development of more renewable energy sources in North Carolina. Your carbon offset contribution will support a project that is mitigating carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent. All participating electric utilities have volunteered to collect their customers’ contributions and send the entire contribution to NC GreenPower. That saves us the cost of administrative fees – a big cost savings for a nonprofit organization like NC GreenPower.
How does my contribution work?
For every $4 contributed to the program for green power, $2 will purchase 50 kWh of renewable energy from a generator located in North Carolina. The other $2 will help support the installation of solar PV demonstration projects at North Carolina K-12 schools. The money contributed to the program will be paid to the independent producers (not utilities) supplying green power to the program. The payment is a premium, over and above the payment they receive from their local utility for power added to the grid. The purpose of the payment is to offset generation costs and help make these projects economically feasible in these early stages of the industry. This is particularly necessary for the school solar PV systems, because as nonprofit institutions, schools cannot take advantage of state and federal tax credits to reduce the upfront cost of the system. By helping these projects survive, more renewable energy will be added to our power supply and displace generation that would have been required from traditional, less environmentally-friendly resources. More renewable energy generation means a better environment for all North Carolinians.
For every $4 contributed to a carbon offset, 1,000 pounds of carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent will be mitigated from a mitigator located in the NC/SC/VA area.
Is my contribution tax-deductible?
Because NC GreenPower is a 501(c) 3 tax-exempt nonprofit organization, your donation is federally deductible to the full extent allowed by law. Consult your tax professional for more information.
Does NC GreenPower keep part of my contribution? What other funds are used?
NC GreenPower retains 25% of all contributions to pay for program costs. We will also reserve 10% to help support education and outreach. That translates to $3 out of every $4 being used to support the community and local renewable energy generators or carbon offset mitigators. This amount is standard in many green power programs across the nation and is necessary to support outreach and educational activities. Additional funds are also derived from contributions, utility participation and from grants for specific program activities.
What if I change my mind about contributing to NCGP?
While we do not refund prior contributions, you may discontinue your contributions at any time. If you are billed monthly through your utility, you will need to contact them directly to have the billing removed.
I hear people talk about $2 per 50 kilowatt-hours added to the grid. How much electricity is that?
For every $4 contributed to the program, 50 kWh is added to the state’s power supply. That annual 600 kWh of renewable energy is about what your refrigerator will use in a year!
What does mitigating 1,000 pounds of carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent accomplish?
The average driver puts 15,000 miles on their vehicle per year. For a mid-sized car, that equates to emitting about 12,000 pounds of carbon dioxide. Larger vehicles release about 20,000 pounds – nearly double that amount. Over a year, just one or two blocks of carbon offset per month can balance the negative impact of emissions from driving a vehicle.
Can $4 really make a difference?
Yes! Just one block of 50 kWh of electricity, priced at $4 per month and subscribed each month for a year, equivalent to planting around 96 trees. Millions of dollars annually leave North Carolina’s economy to purchase fossil fuel resources from other states for electricity production.
Just one block of carbon offset, or 1,000 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent, priced at $4 per month and subscribed each month for a year, can negate the CO2 generated from a mid-sized car over a year, or about 15,000 miles. That’s the environmental equivalent of planting 923 trees!
Can businesses contribute to NC GreenPower?
Absolutely. We invite any North Carolina business to help us protect the environment while increasing our supply of renewable energy and cleaner air. Large-volume users may contribute a minimum of $250 per month toward renewable energy at $2.50 per block. Carbon offsets are available for $4 per block. Small to mid-size businesses can also contribute at $4 per block of renewable energy or carbon offsets. Simply contact your electric utility representative to sign up. NC GreenPower also welcomes corporate sponsors at all levels. For more information, call 919-857-9000 / 866-533-NCGP (6247) or email us.
Does NC GreenPower do presentations? Where can I see one?
NC GreenPower makes more than 100 presentations every year on the program at various locations across the state. Presentations are free and many are open to anyone wishing to attend. The main page of our website contains a calendar of upcoming activities. Individuals wishing to schedule a free presentation for groups of 10 or more may do so on the Speakers Bureau page or by calling 919-716-6398.
Are there any updates for current participants available? What’s going on with the program?
To keep costs down and resource consumption at a minimum, NC GreenPower keeps customer mailings to a minimum. But those interested in keeping up with the goings on of the program may do so through our electronic newsletter. The newsletter contains program updates as well as news and issues that interest participants. Subscribe to the newsletter online to have updates sent monthly to you via email.
How much of our energy supply comes from renewable resources?
Excepting large scale hydroelectric power, less than 2% of our current power supply comes from renewable resources. Despite the small percentage, that number is continuing to grow through the participation of NC GreenPower subscribers. Currently, NC GreenPower contributions support nearly 30 million kilowatt-hours per year, produced by NC GreenPower generators and added to the power grid.
Where will the renewable energy come from?
Electricity from renewable energy is typically generated by small local generators. As with any new undertaking, converting natural resources such as solar PV power and wind into electric energy initially costs more than traditional energy sources. The NC GreenPower program is designed to encourage the development and production of more green energy by growing the availability of green power sources.
What are the resources used to supply the program?
NC GreenPower is working to add renewable energy to the state’s power supply from a variety of resources. Currently, the program accepts generation for its $4 product (what most residential consumers purchase) from solar PV, wind, landfill methane and biomass methane resources put into service after January 1, 1997. The purpose of the product is to add new renewable energy sources to the power grid. For Large Volume purchasers, a slightly different mix is provided, including all of the resources of the $4 product, as well as small hydroelectric power and clean wood waste. The Large Volume product also permits resources put into service prior to 1997, in order to help maintain existing supplies of renewable energy. The Large Volume product is priced at $2.50 per 100 kWh and is available to purchasers of 100 blocks or more per month.
Is there a current list of generators to the NC GreenPower program?
Current generators are listed on the NC GreenPower website and are updated frequently. The list is accessible from the welcome page and also available from each of the resource pages on the site.
I am interested in putting solar power (or wind) on my home. Where can I find information about that?
View these “Become a Generator” overview pages. For more detailed information, the NC Clean Energy Technology Center provides excellent resources for homeowners wishing to learn more about renewable energy technologies for the home. Visit the NC Clean Energy Technology Center for information about interconnection and other issues, or call 919-515-3480 for more information.
Does NC GreenPower provide funds for equipment and technologies?
Other than for our solar schools program, NC GreenPower does not provide loans, grants or any other financial subsidy toward the purchase of renewable energy technologies. The NC GreenPower program only provides financial premiums for energy added to the grid by qualified program generators.
Are there financial incentives available to help offset the purchase of equipment?
Yes. North Carolina offers very attractive financial incentives for individuals and organizations interested in purchasing and installing renewable energy technologies. There are also federal incentives available, as well as a number of lenders offering energy efficient mortgages that can assist in offsetting the initial costs of equipment. For a complete listing of financial incentives available, please visit the DSIRE website (maintained by the NC Clean Energy Technology Center).
What projects are eligible for the NC GreenPower generator program?
NC GreenPower is currently accepting applications for grid-tied small solar PV and wind systems. Small solar is defined as 5.0 kW (DC Rated) or less. As of March 26, 2015, there is an annual cap of 100 kW (DC) for the 2015 small solar PV program.
How many solar PV projects will you accept in 2015?
There is no cap on the number of projects; NC GreenPower will be able to accept applications totaling up to 100 kW (DC) for the calendar year 2015.
What happens after you reach the 100 kW (DC) cap for the year?
Once the 100 kW cap is reached, the application will remain open and will indicate that future applicants will be placed on a waiting list for the rest of the calendar year. At the close of 2015, applicants who were not accepted will need to reapply January 1, 2016, assuming that the generator incentive program is continued by our Board of Directors.
What are my interconnection options for being a generator?
You have the option of setting up a Power Purchase Agreement with your local utility that can be either “Sell All”, “Sell Excess”, or “Net Metering.” With all three options, you are tied to the local utility and sell electricity to them when produced and use it as needed. There are charges for the meter whenever you connect to the grid, and these vary by utility. NC GreenPower cannot accept net metered projects.
Sell All: You sell all of the electricity to the power company. You can receive an incentive for the “Green” part of this electricity, called a Renewable Energy Credit or REC. Sell Excess: You use the energy in your home first, and only sell after your loads are met. Again, you receive an incentive for what you sell.
Net Metering: There may be special rules that apply based on your local utility. Again, you can sell electricity to the power company, and REC to another organization, if you are producing excess. However, NC GreenPower does not support net metered renewable energy.
How long can I receive an incentive from NC GreenPower?
NC GreenPower agreements are for 5 years. As an organization dependent on volunteer contributions, we do not offer contract guarantees.
What happens when my 5 year agreement expires?
Generation agreements for small solar PV and small wind projects are for one five-year term at a fixed premium. Agreements are available for a total of five years per address and only for the initial participant.
Large solar, large wind and all other generators that wish to continue their relationship with NC GreenPower can re-bid their projects at the expiration of their initial five-year agreements when an RFP is issued. They can be bid in for the brokered bid product without an RFP being issued.
For additional information, view these “Become a Generator” overview pages. For more detailed information, the NC Clean Energy Technology Center provides excellent resources for homeowners wishing to learn more about renewable energy technologies for the home. Visit the NC Clean Energy Technology Center for information about interconnection and other issues, or call 919-515-3480 for more information.
How many schools are interested in a solar installation within each region?
Until we receive applications from the schools, we do not know what level of interest exists; applications are due to NC GreenPower by Friday, February 26, 2016 at 5pm.
When we pitch our proposal, who is our audience/ who decides which contractor gets the job? Is the audience parents/ school board, etc.?
NC GreenPower’s engineers and staff will consider all contractor bids received.
What is the timeline and milestone dates for the program once contractors have been chosen? What is the deadline for completed installations?
The timeline and milestone dates can be found on our website here; projects should be completed by the end of 2016.
What form of payment will be used for the installations?
NC GreenPower will provide a check or wired payment.
I have a question regarding the recent RFP sent out for the solar PV installation at schools. Are you thinking the array on the pole mount would be mounted very high off the ground?
As stated in Section II. Solar PV System Description of the RFP, the array will be pole mounted to provide ground clearance to keep wiring out of reach of students and passersby. This is intended to refer to exposed PV module and source circuit wiring on the back of the array that is not installed in conduit as allowed by the National Electrical Code (NEC). The array will be pole mounted high enough above the ground such that the exposed array wiring will not be readily accessible. This wiring will need to be at least 10 ft. above grade.
Are you planning to share the SunEye reports that you generated on sites?
NC GreenPower used the Solmetric SunEye to determine suitable locations with minimal shading for the PV arrays during the site walks with contractors at some of the schools. The SunEye showed the candidate sites had little shade. For annual energy generation calculations for proposal purposes, assume the SunEye Annual Solar Access values for south facing arrays are as follows:
Carolina International School SA = 100%
Queens Creek Elementary School SA = 100%
Mt. Pleasant High School SA = 95%
NC School of Science and Mathematics SA = 90%
Central Park School for Children SA = 95%
Can you please provide Cabarrus County Schools electrical facilities department contact information for Mt. Pleasant High School?
Chuck Taylor, firstname.lastname@example.org
What are the proposed array locations for the two Durham schools?
North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics
Location 1 is a pole mounted array at the south end of the bicycle shed. Provide pricing for 3 kW and 5 kW arrays.
Location 2 is a roof mounted 5 kW array on the bicycle shed.
Central Park School for Children
Location 1 is a pole mounted array about 10 feet to the south of the building and 10 feet to the east of the loading dock as specified during the visit. Provide pricing for 3 kW and 5 kW arrays.
Location 2 is a roof mounted 5 kW array at the location specified during the visit.
My project is smaller and will not produce the 70,000 MWh you are seeking. Should I submit a bid anyway?
Yes, NC GreenPower will likely make purchases from smaller projects to aggregate to reach the 70,000 MWh goal.
I have a question regarding Duke Energy. Since they are a regulated utility, I am wondering where they fall in bidding into the 60,000MWh RFP, since they will own about 215 MW of new regulated solar capacity in NC in the coming years. Are there any specifications regarding utility owned renewable capacity in the RFP?
NC GreenPower does not have any restrictions prohibiting utilities from submitting a bid to our RFP.
Is this RFP mostly intended for smaller renewable developers/generators in the state?
The RFP is seeking 70,000 RECs from North Carolina REC generators both large and small. NC GreenPower will consider smaller projects to meet this demand in aggregate, as program needs may be achieved through multiple agreements or projects.
Are the RECs associated with the RFP, given that they originate from in-state generation, also intrinsically qualify for REPs compliance?
While RECs for NC GreenPower may qualify for the NC REPS, NC GreenPower and its RECs are completely separate from and are not used to comply with any state REPS or mandate.
NC GreenPower is not soliciting for any other RECs, save for maybe PJM, for the 60,000MWh, correct? (ie., California or Green-e RECs would not satisfy the NC in-state requirement)
NC GreenPower’s RFP is seeking 70,000 RECs from projects located within North Carolina only; out-of-state RECs are not eligible.
What are greenhouse gases and how are they created?
Greenhouse gases are gases that trap heat in the atmosphere. They are created naturally and from human activity. Types of greenhouse gases include: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and fluorinated gases.
What are carbon offsets?
A carbon offset is created by a project that mitigates carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent (greenhouse gas emissions). Carbon offsets have a monetary value, and can be bought and sold.
Why should I support carbon offset projects?
Carbon offset projects improve regional air quality and the environment. They mitigate harmful greenhouse gases that may contribute to global warming, while supporting jobs and the economy.
Where do carbon offset producers come from?
NC GreenPower carbon offset projects can be in North Carolina, South Carolina or Virginia. Since the inception of the Carbon Offset offering in 2008, donations have supported both N.C. and S.C. landfills, and N.C. hog farm projects.
What types of projects will be used to supply the carbon offset product?
In addition to other resources, NC GreenPower will take the following types of producers into consideration: Forestry Projects – reforestation and avoiding deforestation; and Methane Collection and Combustion – from farm animals, landfills or other industrial waste.
How are suppliers selected?
In order to ensure that NC GreenPower acquires only reputable and certifiable carbon offsets, NC GreenPower has adopted nine quality criteria for offsets. These criteria are listed below. This is to ensure that NC GreenPower contributors are supporting projects that make a difference and would not otherwise be developed. Projects are certified by a third party that provides accurate and transparent measurement, verification and tracking of greenhouse gas reductions and their inventories. More detailed information on each of the criteria is available on our Carbon Offset RFP.
- No RECs as carbon offsets
- Accurate Quantification
- Clarity on Permanence
- Appropriate Timeline
- Demonstration of Ownership
- Serialization and Tracking
- Verified and Verifiable
- Net Positive Impact
How can I help NC GreenPower promote its message?
The first thing to do is sign up for the program. The more participants, the more renewable energy that can be generated in our state. The second thing is to tell others about the program. NC GreenPower is a consumer-driven program. That means it needs more and more participants to do the most good. So tell someone about the program and how easy it is to make a difference. And if you are interested in volunteer opportunities, the NC GreenPower Speakers Bureau is a great way to put your energies to work to help grow the program. Speakers Bureau volunteers receive training on program particulars and have access to a variety of tools to help share the message of renewable energy and carbon offsets with others. Plus they will join a network of more than 100 other volunteers working across the state to carry NC GreenPower to all communities in North Carolina. Those interested in participating in the Speakers Bureau should call 866-533-NCGP or email email@example.com.
I can’t volunteer right now, but want to help promote the program. What can I do?
We are always looking for new ways to connect to the public. If you know of speaking opportunities or events that would benefit the program, please contact NC GreenPower at 866-533-NCGP. And if your company has an employee gift matching program, please contact them to add NC GreenPower to their eligible list of participants. And encourage your employer to become an NC GreenPower sponsor. Becoming a corporate sponsor of NC GreenPower helps our state’s energy and environment and provides important marketing and public relations benefits to the sponsor.
Of course, as always, the best thing you can do is tell someone else about the program and encourage them to visit our website and sign up. www.ncgreenpower.org